Advanced Patient Care
Write a short (50-75-word) paragraph response for each question.
1-Define patient compliance and explain its importance in your field.
2-Identify the health care professionals’ role in compliance and give examples of ways in which the health care professional may actually contribute to noncompliance.
3-Compare compliance and collaboration.
4-Compare and contrast patient education in the past with that practiced today.
5-Explain the importance of professional commitment in developing patient education as a clinical skill.
6-Explain the three categories of learning and how they can be used in patient education.
7-List three problems that may arise in patient education and how they would be solved?
8-List some methods of documentation of patient education.
Advanced Patient Care
Define patient compliance and explain its importance in your field.
Patient compliance involves the receiver of medical care adjusting their behavior to match the healthcare provider’s requirements to promote or restore health. Thus, it includes following prescriptions, changing one’s activity and dietary habits, and visiting the healthcare program as often as is necessary. Patient compliance is important since it helps caregivers implement the interventions that they believe are most beneficial to the patients.
Identify the health care professionals’ role in compliance and give examples of ways in which the health care professional may actually contribute to noncompliance.
The caregiver’s main role entails providing adequate information regarding the treatment. Thus, the patient will know what to expect regarding positive outcomes and side effects. Professionals also amass the necessary resources to facilitate compliance, such as family involvement (Alqarni et al., 2021), telemedicine services, etc. Therefore, if the caregivers do not perform these roles, they will contribute to noncompliance. Also, their relationship and attitude towards patients may impact the latter’s commitment to treatment.
Compare compliance and collaboration
Compliance entails the caregiver directing all healthcare actions, while collaboration requires a partnership between the patient and care provider (Molina-Mula & Gallo-Estrada, 2020). The latter results in shared decision-making. Additionally, compliance utilizes unidirectional communication while collaboration uses a bilateral communication framework.
Compare and contrast patient education in the past with that practiced today
In the past, patient education involved the caregiver dictating to patients what they believed was best for them. The caregivers only considered the medical aspects of care. However, patient education today has provisions for culture, personal preferences, and economic status (Paterick et al., 2017). Healthcare providers adjust the teaching to meet patients’ needs, focusing on what clients deem is best for them.
Explain the importance of professional commitment in developing patient education as a clinical skill
Healthcare providers should develop patient education as a skill since it is a fundamental component of modern practice. It allows caregivers to share their knowledge with clients, who are presumably less knowledgeable on health matters (Paterick et al., 2017). Thus, patient education can single-handedly improve a patient’s health status. Developing educational skills is also paramount since one can learn about various cultures, thereby enhancing their cultural competence.
Explain the three categories of learning and how they can be used in patient education
Cognitive learning involves acquiring written or audio information, storing, and retrieving it when needed. Caregivers can use this domain when delivering factual data about a patient’s health and the impact of an intervention. Meanwhile, affective learning involves emotions and attitudes. Caregivers can use it to influence patients to comply with treatment. For instance, they can explore how a client’s illness affects their family. Finally, psychomotor learning utilizes physical activity and coordination. Healthcare providers can use it to train patients to take medicines and enhance their exercise levels.
List three problems that may arise in patient education and how they would be solved
Language barrier. The caregiver and patient may lack a common language, impeding the educational process (Al Shamsi et al., 2020). Using a translator, either a professional or a patient-designated one, will overcome this challenge.
Lack of time. Caregivers may have to attend to so many patients that they lack ample time to educate them. They can address this challenge by using written material to supplement the brief interactive sessions.
A patient’s mental/emotional state. It is difficult to teach a patient with excessive anxiety or one experiencing the symptoms of a mental condition. Hence, the caregiver must first implement the appropriate emotional health intervention before educating them.
List some methods of documentation of patient education
Medical notes. The caregiver can record the intervention, immediate impact, and long-term effects. This method is simple and cheap.
Uncontrolled study report. The healthcare provider can systematically document their actions in research format, with the outcomes providing insights on the effectiveness of a particular educational approach on a specific population. This approach requires more skills and consumes more time and finances.
Al Shamsi, H., Almutairi, A. G., Al Mashrafi, S., & Al Kalbani, T. (2020). Implications of Language Barriers for Healthcare: A Systematic Review. Oman medical journal, 35(2), e122. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2020.40
Alqarni, M. A., Mattoo, K., Dhingra, S., Baba, S. M., Al Sanabani, F., Al Makramani, B., & Akkam, H. M. (2021). Sensitizing Family Caregivers to Influence Treatment Compliance among Elderly Neglected Patients-A 2-Year Longitudinal Study Outcome in Completely Edentulous Patients. Healthcare, 9(5), 533. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050533
Molina-Mula, J., & Gallo-Estrada, J. (2020). Impact of Nurse-Patient Relationship on Quality of Care and Patient Autonomy in Decision-Making. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(3), 835. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030835
Paterick, T. E., Patel, N., Tajik, A. J., & Chandrasekaran, K. (2017). Improving health outcomes through patient education and partnerships with patients. Proceedings, 30(1), 112–113. https://doi.org/10.1080/08998280.2017.11929552